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UPDATED 6 MAY 2009

3.14   ROBBERY and ASSAULT WITH INTENT TO ROB

(a)   "Robbery consists of a number of elements.

First of all, that the defendant stole something from X.

Secondly, that immediately before the defendant stole from X or at the time he stole from X, he used force against X or sought to put X in fear of being there and then subjected to force, and the force was used or threatened for the purpose of stealing."

(b)   "Assault with intent to rob consists of a number of elements.

First of all, that the defendant unlawfully applied force to X, (or led X to believe that he was going to have unlawful force applied to him immediately).

Secondly, this was because the defendant intended to steal the defendant's property. (The defendant says that he did not intend to steal from X. You must consider everything that the defendant did or said at the time, together with his explanation for his conduct, in deciding whether the offence has been proved. In particular, the defendant says that he did not demand money from X, but an actual demand of money is not necessary if you are satisfied that the defendant intended to steal from X)."


ARCHBOLD 2010: 21-97 to 107

BLACKSTONE 2010: B4.53 to 54